Accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the textile industry
Accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the textile industry
Source: 1textile.com Time: 2013-06-07 Views: 995
At present, China's industry is in a critical period of accelerating transformation and upgrading. As a traditional pillar industry and an important civilian production industry, the textile industry is facing new development opportunities and challenges. Textile raw materials are the basic production factors of the textile manufacturing industry. The high quality, stable price and reliable supply have become the necessary guarantee for the healthy development of the industry and enterprises.
I would like to comment on the current economic situation and the policy orientation of vigorously promoting the transformation and upgrading of the textile industry.
First, earnestly grasp the current development trend of China's industrial economy, and correctly analyze and judge the economic situation is an important basis for formulating the production and operation strategy of textile raw materials. In the face of this complicated international and domestic economic changes this year, we must be able to see the future and be good at discovering and mastering the numbers behind law.
The current economic situation has three distinct characteristics: First, the beginning of the year is stable. This year is the first year of the formation of the new central government and the administration of the country. It is also an important year for laying a foundation for building a well-off society in an all-round way. Can there be a good start? It is vital. From the main indicators of economic operation, the current economic development is in line with the expected direction of macroeconomic regulation and control. The GDP in the first quarter increased by 7.7% year-on-year, higher than the growth target of 7% in the 12th Five-Year Plan and the development target of 7.5% this year. Data on consumer price index, employment of urban residents, and balance of payments are still in a reasonable range. From January to April, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 9.4% year-on-year. Although the growth rate has slowed down compared with the same period of last year, it is still in line with expectations. Second, there is stability and worry. As China's economic aggregate continues to expand, China has become the world's second largest economy. The contradictions in development are also accumulating, and various problems and difficulties are constantly emerging. From an international perspective, the world economy continues to recover hard, the driving force for growth is obviously insufficient, and risks and variables are still relatively high. Some major economically developed countries have stimulated economic growth through loose monetary policies, which are not only gathering financial risks, but also may have an impact on the global economy. . Domestic economic development also has problems that require high attention, mainly because the new economic growth momentum has not yet formed, the foundation for sustainable development is still not solid, the growth of fiscal revenue is slowing down, and the contradiction of overcapacity in most manufacturing sectors is prominent. Environmental pollution and other issues have aroused widespread concern in society. Excluding these hidden concerns in development requires that industry and even the textile industry must focus more on the transformation and upgrading of development. The third is steady progress. For the current macroeconomic trend under adverse conditions, there are many discussions. There should be a clear and clear grasp of this. From the China Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index released on June 1, the PMI is 50.8. %, which has risen by 0.2 percentage points from last month, has been above the 50% line of glory for eight consecutive months. In addition, since the first quarter, the electricity consumption of industrial use in the whole country and all over the world has also risen to varying degrees. These indicate that the trend of slowing down in the economic operation has been consolidated, and the trend of smooth operation has laid the foundation for stable growth in the next stage. Better basis. It should be pointed out that there have been some recent remarks about "the current economic downturn is difficult to stop and it is necessary to restart 4 trillion yuan of investment". In the next step, as long as the economic growth rate does not slip out of the normal range, employment and society are generally stable, macroeconomic policies will maintain stability and continuity. Striving for stability will remain the main trend of macroeconomic regulation this year.
Second, we must firmly grasp the new opportunities facing China's industrial development. At present, China has entered a critical period of accelerating the transformation of economic development mode. Industrial development is facing an important period of opportunity. Building an upgraded version of China's economy is the historical responsibility of China's industry.
Grasping the current, focusing on the long-term, and fully promoting transformation and development is its main content. Obviously, if the industry accelerates the transformation and upgrading and the transformation of the development mode, it can achieve leap-forward development. On the contrary, it will probably lose opportunities and be further distanced by developed countries. The key to realizing the upgrade is to promote economic transformation, and to promote transformation needs to put together the dividend of reform, the potential of domestic demand, and the vitality of innovation to form a new synergy. First, relying on new urbanization to release the potential of domestic demand, and to base on expanding domestic demand, this is an important basis for ensuring the continuous development of the domestic and international economic situation. While expanding domestic demand is inseparable from urbanization, Premier Li Keqiang has repeatedly pointed out that urbanization is the greatest potential for expanding domestic demand and an important support for economic restructuring. In the process of building a new type of urbanization, industry should continue to play a supporting role by reform and innovation. The textile industry, as an important agricultural product processing industry and an industry that absorbs a large number of migrant workers, has a role in promoting small town construction and county economic development. With special advantages, the next step is to seize the opportunity of the country to vigorously promote urbanization and achieve its own development. Second, relying on innovation to drive the vitality of development, the only way to break through the constraints of factors is to enhance the ability of independent innovation and improve the quality and grade of products. At present, China's economy appears to be shifting from high-speed growth to medium-speed growth, but its essence is from the input of resource elements to the drive of innovation. The success or failure of China's economic transformation lies in whether it can embark on the innovation-driven development path and form a new core competitiveness. In the process of promoting innovation, we must pay special attention to the innovation of business models and management innovation, accelerate the development of strategic emerging industries, promote the deep integration of industrialization and informationization, transform and upgrade traditional industries, develop high-tech service industries, and fast fashion in the field of textile and apparel. The sudden emergence of brands and the booming e-commerce sales network show that innovation is always adding endless vitality to the traditional field of textiles. The third is to rely on reform and opening up to stimulate transformational drive. China's reform has entered the deep water area where the interest pattern has been adjusted. The current reform is to further deepen the government's own reforms, simplify administration and decentralization, create a better environment for economic development, and provide better basic public services for the people's lives. The second is to complete the market reform in the factor field, truly relax the access, realize the market allocation of resources, and stimulate the vitality of the private economy. On May 15 this year, the State Council has cancelled and decentralized 117 administrative examination and approval items, and will further increase the reduction and cancellation of examination and approval matters, returning the items subject to market regulation to the market, and the textile industry will first go to the market. In the tide of market competition, the company's thousands of sails competed and developed continuously. This also proves that reform, opening up and development of the socialist market economy is the biggest driving force for the development of the national economy. Fourth, relying on green development and increasing sustainable capacity, green and low-carbon development is a long-term plan that affects people's well-being and the future of the people. It is necessary to put green development in a prominent position and integrate it into economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, and social construction. In the field and the whole process, in the process of sustainable scientific development, we should make full use of modern technologies and means to promote green development, circular development, and low-carbon development, and form a spatial pattern, industrial structure, and production mode that conserves resources and protects the environment. Reverse the deterioration of the ecological environment and create a good environment for economic development.
At present, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is promoting the implementation of industry access conditions in the two industries of printing and dyeing and viscose, in order to improve the level of technical equipment and energy conservation and emission reduction, and promote healthy and sustainable development.
Third, comprehensively promote the textile industry to cultivate new competitive advantages and accelerate transformation and upgrading.
At present, the development environment of the textile industry has undergone major changes. The market demand is not prosperous, international competition is intensifying, and domestic factor costs are rising. The contradictions and problems affecting the development of the industry will exist for a long time, and the task of upgrading will be more urgent. In accordance with the new requirements of the upgraded version, the textile industry should accelerate the transformation of development methods, enhance the driving force for innovation, build a modern industrial system, and foster a new competitive advantage with independent innovation, quality brand, green ecology and international development as the core. The transition from a big country to a strong country.
First, independent innovation enhances the hard power of the industry. Innovation should be the first driving force for industry development. The textile industry's technological innovation should pay attention to several aspects. First, seize the opportunity of cultivating strategic emerging industries, promote the development and industrialization of common core technologies such as new fiber materials, high-end industrial textiles and intelligent equipment, and grasp new technologies in the textile field. The commanding heights of development will foster new growth points in the textile industry. At present, high-performance fiber materials, biomass fibers, and intelligent equipment are being launched. The second is to take advantage of the characteristics of fiber resources and industrial chain, strengthen natural fiber processing technology and high-end product development, such as cashmere, silk, ramie, bamboo fiber, etc. is China's absolute natural fiber resources, but the production process and research and development level and There is a big gap in the international advanced level, and the raw material advantage has not been transformed into a product advantage. The third is to promote the in-depth integration of informatization and textile industry, transform and upgrade the traditional textile industry with information technology, greatly improve production efficiency and product quality, and use information technology to improve management.
Second, quality brands increase the soft power of the industry. Quality brand is an important embodiment of the international discourse power and comprehensive competitiveness of an industry, and it is a comprehensive manifestation of the soft power of the industry. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has implemented a special action plan for quality brand promotion for two consecutive years, organized a pilot program for brand cultivation of industrial enterprises, guided enterprises to establish a brand cultivation management system, and improved brand cultivation ability and brand value. The textile industry should focus on the following aspects: First, improve the quality assurance system, establish a reliable consumer reputation, improve the standard system, strengthen the quality testing capacity, improve the quality management system, and strengthen industry self-discipline. The second is to develop the independent brand of home textiles. Last year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, together with the China National Textile and Apparel Council, organized a brand evaluation activity based on the survey of independent brand building of clothing and home textiles, and identified 111 clothing and home textiles independent brand enterprises as key enterprises for tracking and cultivating. This year, we will carry out training and guidance for key enterprises, organize professional talent training, support enterprise R&D and design capacity building, and coordinate the implementation of common policies to support brand building. The third is to promote the brand building of the whole industry chain. We will launch the fiber fashion trend with the China Chemical Fiber Association and other units. The main purpose is to guide the fiber production enterprises from scale expansion to development and innovation, and promote the application of new fibers in the industrial chain and promote fiber. The brand creation of different aspects of fabric garments and products creates a good brand ecological environment. The fourth is to strengthen the summary and promotion of management innovation experience. Management innovation is an important part of improving the soft power of the industry. It is necessary to pay attention to management methods, innovation of corporate strategy and business model. The China Textile Industry Federation has carried out the awards for management innovation awards for two consecutive years. Summary and refinement of a number of typical cases of management innovation, and promoted in the industry. This has a positive guiding significance for improving the management level of the industry.
Once again, the green ecology lays the foundation for the continued development of the industry. Energy conservation and emission reduction and green development are the objectives of key assessments of industry planning and related planning, and also the basis for the survival and development of enterprises. The green development of the textile industry is to optimize the industrial structure, continue to speed up the elimination of backward production capacity in the chemical fiber printing and dyeing cotton spinning industry, implement the industry access conditions, continue to publish the list of enterprises that meet the requirements of the printing and dyeing industry, and promote the structural adjustment of enterprises. The second is to promote the development and promotion of advanced technologies for clean production and establish a circular economy concept of environmental protection and energy conservation. Organize the implementation of clean production and enterprise energy management center project demonstration to improve the level of green production technology in the whole industry. The third is to ensure the safety of product consumption, limit the application of toxic and hazardous chemicals, strengthen the development of ecological environment and technology, and ensure the ecological safety of products.
Fourth, international development optimizes resource allocation. The textile industry is the industry with the most complete marketization and internationalized division of labor and cooperation. An important factor in the rapid development of China's textile industry is the integration of the global industrial division of labor system. Internationalization is an inevitable choice for the development of enterprises. It is necessary to promote the development of advantageous enterprises and realize resource allocation, talent application, product brand and market expansion. The globalization of the transition from low-level participation in international division of labor to high-level international operations, from the world factory workers to the global resource integrators. First, support the international mergers and acquisitions of enterprises, integrate the advantages of the global industrial chain, and enable enterprises to achieve leap-forward development. Second, encourage enterprises to build production bases in areas with foreign resources and labor-rich areas, and consolidate and enhance international competitive advantages. The third is to support brand enterprises to go global, make full use of international design, brand experience and marketing channels, explore the international market, and enhance the international influence of Chinese brand products.
Finally, I would like to make a few comments on the issue of textile raw materials.
Raw materials are fundamental problems affecting the development of China's textile industry. At present, China's fiber processing capacity has reached about 45 million tons, exceeding 50% of the total global fiber processing. Although the further rapid growth of the total fiber processing in China has been difficult, there is still a lot of room for the adjustment of the fiber structure. In the next step, we should focus on the transformation from quantitative growth to qualitative improvement. We must protect valuable raw material resources, promote the sustainable development of the industry by increasing the added value, ensure the smooth supply of textile raw materials, and master the development leadership of the industry.
First, we must use cotton resources. Cotton has always been an important factor affecting the development of the industry. Cotton involves many links in agriculture, circulation and textiles. It is the only area in the textile industry that implements state regulation and management. The current policy of temporary cotton storage and import total control guarantees the interests of cotton farmers and stabilizes domestic cotton prices, enabling cotton spinning enterprises to lock in raw material costs and reduce operational risks. However, the excessive price difference between domestic and foreign cotton has also had a great impact on the competitiveness of textile enterprises. The difficulty of small and medium-sized enterprises mainly based on pure cotton spinning is particularly prominent. For the cotton policy, the China National Textile and Apparel Council and enterprises have repeatedly reflected that we have been working in various forms and channels. In the next stage, we will actively coordinate and promote and cooperate with relevant departments to improve and improve the cotton policy. This year, the domestic and international cotton price gap has narrowed, but the international cotton price does not have the conditions for continued rise. The majority of cotton textile enterprises must overcome difficulties, attach importance to and use domestic and foreign cotton resources, and actively develop new products and increase added value.
Secondly, we must do a good job in the development and application of chemical fiber. After years of development, China's chemical fiber industry has made remarkable progress. Conventional products can meet the demand, and high-tech fiber is rapidly developed. The next step is to continue to accelerate technological and product innovation and provide more adaptation and personalization. Production of products.
This year is an important year for the development of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”. It is also a crucial year for the textile industry to transform and upgrade under the combined effect of opportunities and challenges. As the largest textile province in China with a main business income of more than 1.2 trillion yuan, Jiangsu Province has a prominent position and great responsibility in promoting the transformation and upgrading of China's textile industry. At present, the cotton, wool, silk, chemical fiber and garment production in Jiangsu Province ranks among the top three in the country. Technology and management innovation, integration of two industries, brand building, and regional coordinated development have always been at the forefront of the country, forming a batch. Enterprises and enterprise groups with strong competitiveness and influence, the next step of Jiangsu textile industry should shoulder the glorious mission of exploring the way forward for transformation and development, and make greater contributions to the sustainable and healthy development of China's textile industry.